Cloud Computing Research Topics in 2024
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Cloud computing has suddenly seen a spike in employment opportunities around the globe with tech giants like AmazonGoogle, and Microsoft hiring people for their cloud infrastructure. Before the onset of cloud computing, companies and businesses had to set up their own data centers, and allocate resources and other IT professionals thereby increasing the cost. The rapid development of the cloud has led to more flexibilitycost-cutting, and scalability.

The Cloud Computing market is at an all-time high with the current market size at USD 371.4 billion and is expected to grow up to USD 832.1 billion by 2025! It’s quickly evolving and gradually realizing its business value along with attracting more and more researchersscholarscomputer scientists, and practitioners. Cloud computing is not a single topic but a composition of various techniques which together constitute the cloud. Below are 10 of the most demanded research topics in the field of cloud computing.

What is Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing is the practice of storing and accessing data and applications on remote servers hosted over the internet, as opposed to local servers or the computer’s hard drive. Cloud computing, often known as Internet-based computing, is a technique in which the user receives a resource as a service via the Internet. Files, photos, documents, and other storable documents can all be considered types of data that are stored.

Top 15 Cloud Computing Research Topics in 2024

Let us look at the latest in cloud computing research for 2024! We’ve compiled 15 important cloud computing research topics that are changing how cloud computing is used.

1. Big Data

Big data refers to the large amounts of data produced by various programs in a very short duration of time. It is quite cumbersome to store such huge and voluminous amounts of data in company-run data centers. Also, gaining insights from this data becomes a tedious task and takes a lot of time to run and provide results, therefore cloud is the best option. All the data can be pushed onto the cloud without the need for physical storage devices that are to be managed and secured. Also, some popular public clouds provide comprehensive big data platforms to turn data into actionable insights.

2. DevOps

DevOps is an amalgamation of two terms, Development and Operations. It has led to Continuous Delivery, Integration, and Deployment therefore reducing boundaries between the development team and the operations team. Heavy applications and software need elaborate and complex tech stacks that demand extensive labor to develop and configure which can easily be eliminated by cloud computing. It offers a wide range of tools and technologies to buildtest, and deploy applications within a few minutes and a single click. They can be customized as per the client’s requirements and can be discarded when not in use hence making the process seamless and cost-efficient for development teams.

3. Cloud Cryptography

Data in the cloud needs to be protected and secured from foreign attacks and breaches. To accomplish this, cryptography in the cloud is a widely used technique to secure data present in the cloud. It allows users and clients to easily and reliably access the shared cloud services since all the data is secured using either encryption techniques or by using the concept of the private key. It can make the plain text unreadable and limit the view of the data being transferred. Best cloud cryptographic security techniques are the ones that do not compromise the speed of data transfer and provide security without delaying the exchange of sensitive data.

4. Cloud Load Balancing

It refers to splitting and distributing the incoming load to the server from various sources. It permits companies and organizations to govern and supervise workload demands or application demands by redistributing, reallocating, and administering resources between different computers, networks, or servers. Cloud load balancing encompasses holding the circulation of traffic and demands that exist over the Internet. This reduces the problem of sudden outages, results in an improvement in overall performance, has rare chances of server crashes and also provides an advanced level of security. Cloud-based server farms can accomplish more precise scalability and accessibility using the server load balancing mechanism. Due to this, the workload demands can be easily distributed and controlled.

5. Mobile Cloud Computing

It is a mixture of cloud computingmobile computing, and wireless network to provide services such as seamless and abundant computational resources to mobile users, network operators, and cloud computing professionals. The handheld device is the console and all the processing and data storage takes place outside the physical mobile device. Some advantages of using mobile cloud computing are that there is no need for costly hardware, battery life is longer, extended data storage capacity and processing power, improved synchronization of data, and high availability due to “store in one place, accessible from anywhere”. The integration and security aspects are taken care of by the backend that enables support to an abundance of access methods.

6. Green Cloud Computing

The major challenge in the cloud is the utilization of energy-efficient and hence develop economically friendly cloud computing solutions. Data centers that include serverscablesair conditionersnetworks, etc. in large numbers consume a lot of power and release enormous quantities of Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere. Green Cloud Computing focuses on making virtual data centers and servers to be more environmentally friendly and energy-efficient. Cloud resources often consume so much power and energy leading to a shortage of energy and affecting the global climate. Green cloud computing provides solutions to make such resources more energy efficient and to reduce operational costs. This pivots on power managementvirtualization of servers and data centers, recycling vast e-waste, and environmental sustainability.

7. Edge Computing

It is the advancement and a much more efficient form of Cloud computing with the idea that the data is processed nearer to the source. Edge Computing states that all of the computation will be carried out at the edge of the network itself rather than on a centrally managed platform or data warehouse. Edge computing distributes various data processing techniques and mechanisms across different positions. This makes the data deliverable to the nearest node and the processing at the edge. This also increases the security of the data since it is closer to the source and eliminates late response time and latency without affecting productivity.

8. Containerization

Containerization in cloud computing is a procedure to obtain operating system virtualization. The user can work with a program and its dependencies utilizing remote resource procedures. The container in cloud computing is used to construct blocks, which aid in producing operational effectivenessversion controldeveloper productivity, and environmental stability. The infrastructure is upgraded since it provides additional control over the granular activities of the resources. The usage of containers in online services assists storage with cloud computing data security, elasticity, and availability. Containers provide certain advantages such as a steady runtime environment, the ability to run virtually anywhere, and the low overhead compared to virtual machines.

9. Cloud Deployment Model

There are four main cloud deployment models namely public cloudprivate cloudhybrid cloud, and community cloud. Each deployment model is defined as per the location of the infrastructure. The public cloud allows systems and services to be easily accessible to the general public. The public cloud could also be less reliable since it is open to everyone e.g. Email. A private cloud allows systems and services to be accessible inside an organization with no access to outsiders. It offers better security due to its access restrictions. A hybrid cloud is a mixture of private and public clouds with critical activities being performed using the private cloud and non-critical activities being performed using the public cloud. Community cloud allows systems and services to be accessible by a group of organizations.

10. Cloud Security

Since the number of companies and organizations using cloud computing is increasing at a rapid rate, the security of the cloud is a major concern. Cloud computing security detects and addresses every physical and logical security issue that comes across all the varied service models of code, platform, and infrastructure. It collectively addresses these services, however, these services are delivered in units, that is, the public, private, or hybrid delivery model. Security in the cloud protects the data from any leakage or outflow, theft, calamity, and removal. With the help of tokenization, Virtual Private Networks, and firewalls, data can be secured.

11. Serverless Computing

Serverless computing is a way of running computer programs without having to manage the underlying infrastructure. Instead of worrying about servers, networking, and scaling, you can focus solely on writing code to solve your problem. In serverless computing, you write small pieces of code called functions. These functions are designed to do specific tasks, like processing data, handling user requests, or performing calculations. When something triggers your function, like a user making a request to your website or a timer reaching a certain time, the cloud provider automatically runs your function for you. You don’t have to worry about setting up servers or managing resources.

12. Cloud-Native Applications

Modern applications built for the cloud, also known as cloud-native applications, are made so to take full advantage of cloud computing environments. Instead of bulky programs like monolithic systems, they’re built to prioritize flexibilityeasy scalingreliability, and constant updates. This modular approach allows them to adapt to changing needs by growing or shrinking on demand, making them perfect for the ever-shifting world of cloud environments. Deployed in various cloud environments like public, private, or hybrid clouds, they’re optimized to make the most of cloud-native technologies and methodologies. Instead of one big chunk, they’re made up of lots of smaller pieces called microservices.

13. Multi-Cloud Management

Multi-cloud management means handling and controlling your stuff (like software, data, and services) when they’re spread out across different cloud companies, like Amazon, Google, or Microsoft. It’s like having a central command center for your cloud resources spread out across different cloud services. Multi-cloud gives you the freedom to use the strengths of different cloud providers. You can choose the best service for each specific workload, based on factors like cost, performance, or features. This flexibility allows you to easily scale your applications up or down as required by you. Managing a complex environment with resources spread across multiple cloud providers can be a challenge. Multi-cloud management tools simplify this process by providing a unified view and standardized management interface.

14. Blockchain in Cloud Computing

Cloud computing provides flexible storage and processing power that can grow or shrink as needed. Blockchain keeps data secure by spreading it across many computers. When we use them together, blockchain apps can use the cloud’s power for big tasks while keeping data safe and transparent. This combo boosts cloud data security and makes it easy to track data. It also lets people manage their identities without a central authority. However, there are challenges like making sure different blockchain and cloud systems work well together and can handle large amounts of data.

15. Cloud-Based Internet of Things (IoT)

Cloud-based Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the integration of cloud computing with IoT devices and systems. This integration allows IoT devices to leverage the computational power, storage, and analytics capabilities of cloud platforms to manage, process, and analyze the vast amounts of data they generate. The cloud serves as a central hub for connecting and managing multiple IoT devices, regardless of their geographical location. This connectivity is crucial for monitoring and controlling devices remotely.


Cloud computing has helped businesses grow by offering greater scalabilityflexibility, and saving money by charging less money for the same job. As cloud computing is having a great growth period right now, it has created lots of employment opportunities and research work is done is different areas which is changing the future of this technology. We have discussed about the top 15 cloud computing research topics. You can try to explore and research in these areas to contribute to the growth of cloud computing technology.


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